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Jama’at-e-Islami Jammu & Kashmir

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Jama’at-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir (JI) was initially established before the partition of Indo-Pak subcontinent in 1947 and had a well-knit set-up in Jammu province of the state. After partition majority of Muslim population in Jammu province migrated to Pakistan and about five lakh Muslims,

who stayed back, were massacred under a well planned policy by the Hindu fanatics with the support of the then government of Maharaja Hari Singh's army. After this tragedy the Jama’at unit in Jammu could not continue.

In Kashmir some noble personalities got introduced to Jama’at-e-Islami movement while they were in Punjab in connection with their studies. The prominent among them were Moulana Sa'ad-ud-Din Tarabali (A.R) and Moulana Ghulam Ahmad Ahrar Shopiani (A.R). Through them a number of educated persons got introduced to the programme and aims and objectives of Jama’at and became its sympathizers. Syed Mohammad Shafi (Nawab-Bazar), Ghulam Rasool Abdullah (Fateh-Kadal), Ghulam Mohammad Beg (Narwara), Mohammad Hussain Chisti, Moulana Saif-ud-Din Qari, Moulana Hakim Ghulam Nabi (Fazil-e-Deoband), Syed Ali Shah Geelani, Moulana Mohammad Amin Shopiani (May Allah bless them all) were among the first to get influenced by the Jama’at ideology.

The formal unit of Jama’at was formed in 1946 in the form of a library (Darul Muta'la) at Nawab Bazar, Srinagar and Moulana Saad-ud-Din (A.R) was elected as its first head.

After partition, the Jama’at unit in Srinagar continued to work under the supervision of Moulana Saad-ud-Din Sahib. Being a government teacher (Headmaster), Maulana introduced many people mostly his colleagues and students to the fledgling Islamic Movement.

In 1953, after then prime minister of Jammu and Kashmir and strong voice of popular plebiscite demand, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah, was arrested, it was realized that the resolution of Kashmir dispute will take longer time than expected. In this backdrop, Jama’at-e-Islami Jammu and Kashmir framed its separate constitution in 1953 and Moulana Saad-ud-Din (A.R) was elected as the first Ameer-e-Jama’at under this constitution.

In a one-room office at Nawab Bazar near famous Mujahid Manzil, Jama’at used to hold its weekly congregations (Ijtimas) and people from Budgam, Baramulla, Sopore and other far flung areas would regularly participate in them.

During this period education was not widespread in Kashmir and people, especially Muslims of the state were illiterate. Education being one among the basic precepts of Islam, Jama’at decided to establish schools in various areas of the state to impart education to people at grass roots level. One such school was established by Jama’at at Arwani, Islamabad in south Kashmir where Moulana Hakim Ghulam Nabi (A.R) used to teach. Maulana Hakim was a pass out from famous Islamic seminary, Dar-ul-Uloom Deoband.  The school would teach every subject except English.

In 1952, Hakim Ghulam Hassan of Nawab Bazar, Srinagar, who had been introduced to Jama’at ideology soon after he passed his matriculation in 1942, was dispatched to Arwani School. Hassan, with the aid and guidance of Hakim Ghulam Nabi, introduced English subject in the curriculum from the 1st primary, though in those days English was taught from 6th class in government schools. Soon another school was established at Nawab Bazar and then after at Barzulla in Srinagar where Moulana Qari Saif-ud-Din (A.R) used to teach. This was followed by establishing a chain of schools across the valley. Through these schools Jama’at reached to grass roots level and was widely introduced in the Kashmir valley and Muslim dominated areas of the Jammu region. These educational institutions, besides imparting education at mass level, helped spread message of Jama’at. This vast educational network run by Jama’at catalyzed social change in Kashmir.

Jama’at-e-Islami faced number of difficulties and was subjected to tribulations for raising the voice of revolutionary change in the social and political set up of the state in accordance with the principles and teachings of Islam. Another reason for which Jama’at was victimized was raising the voice of oppressed people of J&K, whose basic and inherent right to self-determination was usurped by New Delhi. Jama’at demanded the fulfillment of the promise made to the people of the state through the resolutions of Security Council of the United Nations Organization. The delay in fulfilling the promise was causing sufferings to millions of people living in J&K.

To raise the issue of self determination effectively, Jama’at contested local Assembly and Parliamentary elections a number of times and succeeded on five seats for the local Assembly. While in the Assembly, the elected members of Jama’at demanded the implementation of Islamic rule in the state and also demanded granting the right to self-determination for the people of the state. The result was obvious; Jama’at leadership and workers would be thrown into jail off and on. There is no prominent leader or worker in Jama’at who has not spent a considerable time in the jails from the very day the Jama’at was formed.

In 1975, Jama’at was banned when Indra Gandhi declared emergency in India and Shiekh Mohammad Abdullah, at that time Chief Minister of the state, extended the emergency to state. As a result, hundreds of schools run by Jama’at throughout the state were forcibly closed down, precluding thousands of students from receiving education offered at a minimal fee in these schools. Hundreds of educated youth engaged as teachers and non-teaching staff in these schools were rendered unemployed.

On April 4, 1979 soon after the execution of Zulfikar Ali Bhuttoo, the former Prime Minister of Pakistan on the orders of Pakistani court, a wave of anti-Jama’at protests erupted in Kashmir. Though there was not even a strike in Pakistan. The subsequent investigation revealed the rioters were backed by the National Conference led State government with Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah as chief minister. Thousands of houses belonging to Jama’at cadres and sympathizers were torched by the unruly mobs at the behest of the government. The attackers were given a free hand, with promise of impunity, to assault people associated with Jama’at and destroy their property. After the dust settled, estimates showed that damage to the tone of Crores of rupees was made to the property of Jama’at associates. Apple orchards spread on swathes of land, and belonging to Jama’at sympathizers were uprooted. This mad show continued for three days with the then government looking as a mute spectator without taking any action against the rioters. Libraries with Islamic books worth thousands of rupees were burnt and even the Quran was desecrated at many places for being "Maudoodi Quran." One of the Jama’at associates in north Kashmir was also martyred. Communists, Qadianis, besides groups of so-called Molvis, under the patronage of National Conference leaders and workers were part of these unruly mobs bent to wreak havoc on Jama’at.

In 1990, people of Kashmir started armed struggle to end the Indian occupation. Jama’at was again banned and declared an unlawful association. All its offices from Central level to basic unit were locked down by the local administration. People from all walks of life participated in the armed struggle triggered by rigging of 1987 assembly elections. However, people belonging to Jama’at were specifically made the main targets of the counter insurgency operations. Thousands of associates of Jama’at were martyred by army and other counter insurgency forces including about two thousand basic members, known as Arkaan. They included many intellectuals and dignitaries of the organization. Thousands of Jama’at associates were detained in notorious torture and detention centers where they were ruthlessly tortured. It will require volumes to jot down this sordid story of bloodshed to which Jama’at was subjected. It was the worst affected organization during the post ninety turmoil in J&K.

In 1998, Jama’at reopened it’s headquarter at Baranpather Batmaloo in Srinagar after Ghulam Mohammad Bhat was elected its Ameer. Gradually the offices in districts too were reopened and Jama’at restarted its functioning though the intermittent killing of Jama’at people continued during this period too. Undeterred, this caravan of champions of Islam continued its journey despite all odds towards the cherished goal of "Iqamat-e-Deen" (Establishment of the Islamic system of life as revealed to the last messenger of Allah, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) and established in practice by him (SAW) in the Arab peninsula with the holy city of Madina as the first capital of Islamic State, fourteen hundred years ago). Today Jama’at is moving towards realization of its mission and the caravan is swelling. The day is not far away when we will see the dream coming true-In’shallah.

Though Maulana Saad-u-Din was heading Jama’at from its inception, he was formally elected its first ameer after Jama’at drafted and adopted a separate constitution in 1953.

1. Maulana Saad-u-Din (1953-1985)… elected for 10 consecutive terms

2. Ghulam Mohammad Bhat (1985-1988)…1 term

3. Hakeem Ghulam Nabi (1988-1997)… 3 terms

4. Ghulam Mohammad Bhat (1997-2003)…2 terms

5. Syed Nazir Ahmad Kashani (2003-2006)1 term

6. Shiekh Mohammad Hassan (2006-2012) 2 terms

7. Mohammad Abdullah Wani (incumbent)

Al'Quraan

The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah's Law).

Al'Quraan Surah Noor

Prophet Mohammad PBUH

Narrated: Abu Huraira (R.A) that a man said to the Prophet, sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam: "Advise me! "The Prophet (PBUH) said, "Do not become angry and furious." The man asked (the same) again and again, and the Prophet said in each case, "Do not become angry and furious." [Al-Bukhari; Vol. 8 No. 137]

Sunan Abu-Dawud.

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